Help fixing nextcloud security warnings

I’m using Nextcloud (Hub 8 v29.0.2**) with one of my hestiacp users - everything works but when viewing the ‘administration overview’ in the nextcloud dashboard I have these warnings there (see below). Can anyone help me fix the first and second one please?

Thanks

Security & setup warnings

It’s important for the security and performance of your instance that everything is configured correctly. To help you with that we are doing some automatic checks. Please see the linked documentation for more information.

There are some errors regarding your setup.

  • Your data directory and files are probably accessible from the internet. The .htaccess file is not working. It is strongly recommended that you configure your web server so that the data directory is no longer accessible, or move the data directory outside the web server document root.

  • Your web server is not properly set up to resolve .well-known URLs, failed on: /.well-known/caldav For more details see the documentation :arrow_upper_right:.

  • 7 errors in the logs since 13. Juni 2024, 13:08:11

  • The PHP OPcache module is not properly configured. The OPcache interned strings buffer is nearly full. To assure that repeating strings can be effectively cached, it is recommended to apply “opcache.interned_strings_buffer” to your PHP configuration with a value higher than “8”… For more details see the documentation :arrow_upper_right:.

  • The database is used for transactional file locking. To enhance performance, please configure memcache, if available. For more details see the documentation :arrow_upper_right:.

  • No memory cache has been configured. To enhance performance, please configure a memcache, if available. For more details see the documentation :arrow_upper_right:.

  • You have not set or verified your email server configuration, yet. Please head over to the “Basic settings” in order to set them. Afterwards, use the “Send email” button below the form to verify your settings. For more details see the documentation :arrow_upper_right:.

  • This instance is missing some recommended PHP modules. For improved performance and better compatibility it is highly recommended to install them: - gmp for WebAuthn passwordless login, and SFTP storage For more details see the documentation :arrow_upper_right:.

Please double check the installation guides :arrow_upper_right:, and check for any errors or warnings in the log.

Check the security of your Nextcloud over our security scan :arrow_upper_right:.

I have already told you how to deal with these. Just set the relevant parameters and you can find a lot of information by searching with a search engine.

Ok, for all other nextcloud users out there (using the hestiacp nginx/apache combination) - this is what I have done now. This fixes mentioned error 1 and 2 above:

  • Added a new nextcloud template and assigned this template to my nextcloud domain in hestiacp

Eventually some hestiacp expert can have a look at those template files if everything is ok

/usr/local/hestia/data/templates/web/nginx/nextcloud.stpl

#=========================================================================#
# Default Web Domain Template                                             #
# DO NOT MODIFY THIS FILE! CHANGES WILL BE LOST WHEN REBUILDING DOMAINS   #
# https://hestiacp.com/docs/server-administration/web-templates.html      #
#=========================================================================#

server {
        # listen      %ip%:%web_ssl_port% ssl;
        listen      %ip%:%proxy_ssl_port% ssl;
        server_name %domain_idn% %alias_idn%;
        root        %sdocroot%;
        index       index.php index.html index.htm;
        access_log  /var/log/nginx/domains/%domain%.log combined;
        access_log  /var/log/nginx/domains/%domain%.bytes bytes;
        error_log   /var/log/nginx/domains/%domain%.error.log error;

        ssl_certificate     %ssl_pem%;
        ssl_certificate_key %ssl_key%;
        ssl_stapling        on;
        ssl_stapling_verify on;

        # TLS 1.3 0-RTT anti-replay
        if ($anti_replay = 307) { return 307 https://$host$request_uri; }
        if ($anti_replay = 425) { return 425; }

        include %home%/%user%/conf/web/%domain%/nginx.hsts.conf*;

    # HSTS settings
    # WARNING: Only add the preload option once you read about
    # the consequences in https://hstspreload.org/. This option
    # will add the domain to a hardcoded list that is shipped
    # in all major browsers and getting removed from this list
    # could take several months.
    #add_header Strict-Transport-Security "max-age=15768000; includeSubDomains; preload" always;

    # set max upload size and increase upload timeout:
    client_max_body_size 512M;
    client_body_timeout 300s;
    # fastcgi_buffers 64 4K;

    # Enable gzip but do not remove ETag headers
    gzip on;
    gzip_vary on;
    gzip_comp_level 4;
    gzip_min_length 256;
    gzip_proxied expired no-cache no-store private no_last_modified no_etag auth;
    gzip_types application/atom+xml text/javascript application/javascript application/json application/ld+json application/manifest+json application/rss+xml application/vnd.geo+json application/vnd.ms-fontobject application/wasm application/x-font-ttf application/x-web-app-manifest+json application/xhtml+xml application/xml font/opentype image/bmp image/svg+xml image/x-icon text/cache-manifest text/css text/plain text/vcard text/vnd.rim.location.xloc text/vtt text/x-component text/x-cross-domain-policy;

    # Pagespeed is not supported by Nextcloud, so if your server is built
    # with the `ngx_pagespeed` module, uncomment this line to disable it.
    #pagespeed off;

    # The settings allows you to optimize the HTTP2 bandwidth.
    # See https://blog.cloudflare.com/delivering-http-2-upload-speed-improvements/
    # for tuning hints
    client_body_buffer_size 512k;

    # HTTP response headers borrowed from Nextcloud `.htaccess`
    add_header Referrer-Policy                   "no-referrer"       always;
    add_header X-Content-Type-Options            "nosniff"           always;
    add_header X-Frame-Options                   "SAMEORIGIN"        always;
    add_header X-Permitted-Cross-Domain-Policies "none"              always;
    add_header X-Robots-Tag                      "noindex, nofollow" always;
    add_header X-XSS-Protection                  "1; mode=block"     always;

    # Remove X-Powered-By, which is an information leak
    fastcgi_hide_header X-Powered-By;

    # Set .mjs and .wasm MIME types
    # Either include it in the default mime.types list
    # and include that list explicitly or add the file extension
    # only for Nextcloud like below:
    #include mime.types;
    #types {
    #    text/javascript mjs;
        #application/wasm wasm;
    #}

    # Specify how to handle directories -- specifying `/index.php$request_uri`
    # here as the fallback means that Nginx always exhibits the desired behaviour
    # when a client requests a path that corresponds to a directory that exists
    # on the server. In particular, if that directory contains an index.php file,
    # that file is correctly served; if it doesn't, then the request is passed to
    # the front-end controller. This consistent behaviour means that we don't need
    # to specify custom rules for certain paths (e.g. images and other assets,
    # `/updater`, `/ocs-provider`), and thus
    # `try_files $uri $uri/ /index.php$request_uri`
    # always provides the desired behaviour.
    index index.php index.html /index.php$request_uri;

    # Rule borrowed from `.htaccess` to handle Microsoft DAV clients
    location = / {
        if ( $http_user_agent ~ ^DavClnt ) {
            return 302 /remote.php/webdav/$is_args$args;
        }
    }

        location = /favicon.ico {
                log_not_found off;
                access_log off;
        }

        location = /robots.txt {
                allow all;
                log_not_found off;
                access_log off;
        }


    # Make a regex exception for `/.well-known` so that clients can still
    # access it despite the existence of the regex rule
    # `location ~ /(\.|autotest|...)` which would otherwise handle requests
    # for `/.well-known`.
    location ^~ /.well-known {
        # The rules in this block are an adaptation of the rules
        # in `.htaccess` that concern `/.well-known`.

        location = /.well-known/carddav { return 301 /remote.php/dav/; }
        location = /.well-known/caldav  { return 301 /remote.php/dav/; }

        location /.well-known/acme-challenge    { try_files $uri $uri/ =404; }
        location /.well-known/pki-validation    { try_files $uri $uri/ =404; }

        # Let Nextcloud's API for `/.well-known` URIs handle all other
        # requests by passing them to the front-end controller.
        return 301 /index.php$request_uri;
    }

    # Rules borrowed from `.htaccess` to hide certain paths from clients
    location ~ ^/(?:build|tests|config|lib|3rdparty|templates|data)(?:$|/)  { return 404; }
    location ~ ^/(?:\.|autotest|occ|issue|indie|db_|console)                { return 404; }

    # Ensure this block, which passes PHP files to the PHP process, is above the blocks
    # which handle static assets (as seen below). If this block is not declared first,
    # then Nginx will encounter an infinite rewriting loop when it prepends `/index.php`
    # to the URI, resulting in a HTTP 500 error response.
    location ~ \.php(?:$|/) {
        # Required for legacy support
        rewrite ^/(?!index|remote|public|cron|core\/ajax\/update|status|ocs\/v[12]|updater\/.+|ocs-provider\/.+|.+\/richdocumentscode(_arm64)?\/proxy) /index.php$request_uri;

        fastcgi_split_path_info ^(.+?\.php)(/.*)$;
        set $path_info $fastcgi_path_info;

        try_files $fastcgi_script_name =404;

        include fastcgi_params;
        fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
        fastcgi_param PATH_INFO $path_info;
        fastcgi_param HTTPS on;

        fastcgi_param modHeadersAvailable true;         # Avoid sending the security headers twice
        fastcgi_param front_controller_active true;     # Enable pretty urls
                fastcgi_pass %backend_lsnr%;

        include %home%/%user%/conf/web/%domain%/nginx.fastcgi_cache.conf*;

        fastcgi_intercept_errors on;
        fastcgi_request_buffering off;

        fastcgi_max_temp_file_size 0;
    }

    # Serve static files
    location ~ \.(?:css|js|mjs|svg|gif|png|jpg|ico|wasm|tflite|map|ogg|flac)$ {
        try_files $uri /index.php$request_uri;
        # HTTP response headers borrowed from Nextcloud `.htaccess`
        #add_header Cache-Control                     "public, max-age=15778463$asset_immutable";
        add_header Cache-Control                     "public, max-age=15778463";
        add_header Referrer-Policy                   "no-referrer"       always;
        add_header X-Content-Type-Options            "nosniff"           always;
        add_header X-Frame-Options                   "SAMEORIGIN"        always;
        add_header X-Permitted-Cross-Domain-Policies "none"              always;
        add_header X-Robots-Tag                      "noindex, nofollow" always;
        add_header X-XSS-Protection                  "1; mode=block"     always;
        access_log off;     # Optional: Don't log access to assets
    }

    location ~ \.woff2?$ {
        try_files $uri /index.php$request_uri;
        expires 7d;         # Cache-Control policy borrowed from `.htaccess`
        access_log off;     # Optional: Don't log access to assets
    }

    # Rule borrowed from `.htaccess`
    location /remote {
        return 301 /remote.php$request_uri;
    }

    location / {
        try_files $uri $uri/ /index.php$request_uri;
    }


        error_page 403 = /core/templates/403.php;
        error_page 404 = /core/templates/404.php;
        error_page 500 502 503 504 /error/50x.html;

        location ~ ^/(?:\data|config|db_structure\.xml|README){
                deny all;
        }

        location ~ /\.(?!well-known\/|file) {
                deny all;
                return 404;
        }

        location /error/ {
                alias %home%/%user%/web/%domain%/document_errors/;
        }

        location ^~ /vstats/ {
                alias   %home%/%user%/web/%domain%/stats/;
                include %home%/%user%/web/%domain%/stats/auth.conf*;
        }

        proxy_hide_header Upgrade;

        include /etc/nginx/conf.d/phpmyadmin.inc*;
        include /etc/nginx/conf.d/phppgadmin.inc*;
        include %home%/%user%/conf/web/%domain%/nginx.ssl.conf_*;
}

/usr/local/hestia/data/templates/web/nginx/nextcloud.tpl

#=========================================================================#
# Default Web Domain Template                                             #
# DO NOT MODIFY THIS FILE! CHANGES WILL BE LOST WHEN REBUILDING DOMAINS   #
# https://hestiacp.com/docs/server-administration/web-templates.html      #
#=========================================================================#

server {
        # listen      %ip%:%web_port%;
        listen      %ip%:%proxy_port%;
        server_name %domain_idn% %alias_idn%;
        root        %docroot%;
        index       index.php index.html index.htm;
        access_log  /var/log/nginx/domains/%domain%.log combined;
        access_log  /var/log/nginx/domains/%domain%.bytes bytes;
        error_log   /var/log/nginx/domains/%domain%.error.log error;

        include %home%/%user%/conf/web/%domain%/nginx.forcessl.conf*;


    # HSTS settings
    # WARNING: Only add the preload option once you read about
    # the consequences in https://hstspreload.org/. This option
    # will add the domain to a hardcoded list that is shipped
    # in all major browsers and getting removed from this list
    # could take several months.
    #add_header Strict-Transport-Security "max-age=15768000; includeSubDomains; preload" always;

    # set max upload size and increase upload timeout:
    client_max_body_size 512M;
    client_body_timeout 300s;
    # fastcgi_buffers 64 4K;

    # Enable gzip but do not remove ETag headers
    gzip on;
    gzip_vary on;
    gzip_comp_level 4;
    gzip_min_length 256;
    gzip_proxied expired no-cache no-store private no_last_modified no_etag auth;
    gzip_types application/atom+xml text/javascript application/javascript application/json application/ld+json application/manifest+json application/rss+xml application/vnd.geo+json application/vnd.ms-fontobject application/wasm application/x-font-ttf application/x-web-app-manifest+json application/xhtml+xml application/xml font/opentype image/bmp image/svg+xml image/x-icon text/cache-manifest text/css text/plain text/vcard text/vnd.rim.location.xloc text/vtt text/x-component text/x-cross-domain-policy;

    # Pagespeed is not supported by Nextcloud, so if your server is built
    # with the `ngx_pagespeed` module, uncomment this line to disable it.
    #pagespeed off;

    # The settings allows you to optimize the HTTP2 bandwidth.
    # See https://blog.cloudflare.com/delivering-http-2-upload-speed-improvements/
    # for tuning hints
    client_body_buffer_size 512k;

    # HTTP response headers borrowed from Nextcloud `.htaccess`
    add_header Referrer-Policy                   "no-referrer"       always;
    add_header X-Content-Type-Options            "nosniff"           always;
    add_header X-Frame-Options                   "SAMEORIGIN"        always;
    add_header X-Permitted-Cross-Domain-Policies "none"              always;
    add_header X-Robots-Tag                      "noindex, nofollow" always;
    add_header X-XSS-Protection                  "1; mode=block"     always;

    # Remove X-Powered-By, which is an information leak
    fastcgi_hide_header X-Powered-By;

    # Set .mjs and .wasm MIME types
    # Either include it in the default mime.types list
    # and include that list explicitly or add the file extension
    # only for Nextcloud like below:
    #include mime.types;
    #types {
    #    text/javascript mjs;
    #    application/wasm wasm;
    #}

    # Specify how to handle directories -- specifying `/index.php$request_uri`
    # here as the fallback means that Nginx always exhibits the desired behaviour
    # when a client requests a path that corresponds to a directory that exists
    # on the server. In particular, if that directory contains an index.php file,
    # that file is correctly served; if it doesn't, then the request is passed to
    # the front-end controller. This consistent behaviour means that we don't need
    # to specify custom rules for certain paths (e.g. images and other assets,
    # `/updater`, `/ocs-provider`), and thus
    # `try_files $uri $uri/ /index.php$request_uri`
    # always provides the desired behaviour.
    index index.php index.html /index.php$request_uri;

    # Rule borrowed from `.htaccess` to handle Microsoft DAV clients
    location = / {
        if ( $http_user_agent ~ ^DavClnt ) {
            return 302 /remote.php/webdav/$is_args$args;
        }
    }

        location = /favicon.ico {
                log_not_found off;
                access_log off;
        }

        location = /robots.txt {
                allow all;
                log_not_found off;
                access_log off;
        }


    # Make a regex exception for `/.well-known` so that clients can still
    # access it despite the existence of the regex rule
    # `location ~ /(\.|autotest|...)` which would otherwise handle requests
    # for `/.well-known`.
    location ^~ /.well-known {
        # The rules in this block are an adaptation of the rules
        # in `.htaccess` that concern `/.well-known`.

        location = /.well-known/carddav { return 301 /remote.php/dav/; }
        location = /.well-known/caldav  { return 301 /remote.php/dav/; }

                # The following 2 rules are only needed with webfinger
                #location = /.well-known/webfinger { return 301 /public.php?service=webfinger; }
        #location = /.well-known/webfinger { return 301 /index.php/.well-known/webfinger; }
        #location = /.well-known/webfinger   { return 301 /index.php$uri; }
        #location = /.well-known/nodeinfo   { return 301 /index.php$uri; }
        #location = /.well-known/host-meta { return 301 /public.php?service=host-meta; }
        #location = /.well-known/host-meta.json { return 301 /public.php?service=host-meta-json; }

        location /.well-known/acme-challenge    { try_files $uri $uri/ =404; }
        location /.well-known/pki-validation    { try_files $uri $uri/ =404; }

        # Let Nextcloud's API for `/.well-known` URIs handle all other
        # requests by passing them to the front-end controller.
        return 301 /index.php$request_uri;
    }

    # Rules borrowed from `.htaccess` to hide certain paths from clients
    location ~ ^/(?:build|tests|config|lib|3rdparty|templates|data)(?:$|/)  { return 404; }
    location ~ ^/(?:\.|autotest|occ|issue|indie|db_|console)                { return 404; }

    # Ensure this block, which passes PHP files to the PHP process, is above the blocks
    # which handle static assets (as seen below). If this block is not declared first,
    # then Nginx will encounter an infinite rewriting loop when it prepends `/index.php`
    # to the URI, resulting in a HTTP 500 error response.
    location ~ \.php(?:$|/) {
        # Required for legacy support
        rewrite ^/(?!index|remote|public|cron|core\/ajax\/update|status|ocs\/v[12]|updater\/.+|ocs-provider\/.+|.+\/richdocumentscode(_arm64)?\/proxy) /index.php$request_uri;

        fastcgi_split_path_info ^(.+?\.php)(/.*)$;
        set $path_info $fastcgi_path_info;

        try_files $fastcgi_script_name =404;

        include fastcgi_params;
        fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
        fastcgi_param PATH_INFO $path_info;
        fastcgi_param HTTPS on;

        fastcgi_param modHeadersAvailable true;         # Avoid sending the security headers twice
        fastcgi_param front_controller_active true;     # Enable pretty urls
        fastcgi_pass %backend_lsnr%;

        include %home%/%user%/conf/web/%domain%/nginx.fastcgi_cache.conf*;

        fastcgi_intercept_errors on;
        fastcgi_request_buffering off;

        fastcgi_max_temp_file_size 0;
    }

    # Serve static files
    location ~ \.(?:css|js|mjs|svg|gif|png|jpg|ico|wasm|tflite|map|ogg|flac)$ {
        try_files $uri /index.php$request_uri;
        # HTTP response headers borrowed from Nextcloud `.htaccess`
        #add_header Cache-Control                     "public, max-age=15778463$asset_immutable";
        add_header Cache-Control                     "public, max-age=15778463";
        add_header Referrer-Policy                   "no-referrer"       always;
        add_header X-Content-Type-Options            "nosniff"           always;
        add_header X-Frame-Options                   "SAMEORIGIN"        always;
        add_header X-Permitted-Cross-Domain-Policies "none"              always;
        add_header X-Robots-Tag                      "noindex, nofollow" always;
        add_header X-XSS-Protection                  "1; mode=block"     always;
        access_log off;     # Optional: Don't log access to assets
    }

    location ~ \.woff2?$ {
        try_files $uri /index.php$request_uri;
        expires 7d;         # Cache-Control policy borrowed from `.htaccess`
        access_log off;     # Optional: Don't log access to assets
    }

    # Rule borrowed from `.htaccess`
    location /remote {
        return 301 /remote.php$request_uri;
    }

    location / {
        try_files $uri $uri/ /index.php$request_uri;
    }


        error_page 403 = /core/templates/403.php;
        error_page 404 = /core/templates/404.php;
        error_page 500 502 503 504 /error/50x.html;

        location ~ ^/(?:\data|config|db_structure\.xml|README){
                deny all;
        }

        location ~ /\.(?!well-known\/|file) {
                deny all;
                return 404;
        }

        location /error/ {
                alias %home%/%user%/web/%domain%/document_errors/;
        }

        location ^~ /vstats/ {
                alias   %home%/%user%/web/%domain%/stats/;
                include %home%/%user%/web/%domain%/stats/auth.conf*;
        }

        include /etc/nginx/conf.d/phpmyadmin.inc*;
        include /etc/nginx/conf.d/phppgadmin.inc*;
        include %home%/%user%/conf/web/%domain%/nginx.conf_*;
}